Des images contre les clichés sur les oubliés de Calais

Dans son livre 
Des hommes vivent ici (1), 
la photographe Marion Osmont raconte le quotidien des migrants le long du littoral de la 
Manche, dix ans après 
la fermeture du camp de Sangatte. Un travail
 plein d’humanité 
et de dignité.

calais_m

Un grand hangar vide. Au loin, un groupe d’hommes. Sept ou huit Africains, assis ou debout autour d’une table, jouent aux cartes. Un clair-obscur d’humanité au milieu du néant. « Je suis contente d’avoir pu prendre cette image, raconte son auteure, la photographe Marion Osmont. Berlusconi, le passeur (en capuche – NDLR), m’a dit “Tu fais ce que tu veux”, cet état de grâce a duré trois secondes. Cette image montre l’attente d’une journée ordinaire. Il ne se passe rien. »

Pendant plus de deux ans, Marion Osmont a photographié la vie quotidienne des migrants de Calais. Elle publie ces photos dans un livre au titre éloquent Des hommes vivent ici. D’une grande sobriété, ses images montrent la vie dans le dépouillement : la préparation du feu, la cuisine, les nuits dans le squat, l’ennui, le linge qui sèche sur un arbre, la traque, le froid, la peur. Loin des clichés vus et revus sur les migrants de Calais, les photos de Marion Osmont sont remplies d’humanité et de dignité.

« On parle trop souvent d’eux et de nous »

Son travail est le résultat d’une démarche mûrement réfléchie. « On parle trop souvent d’eux et de nous. Je ne voulais surtout pas ça. Je pense que beaucoup de gens, s’ils savaient ce qu’il se passe à Calais, ne trouveraient pas ça normal. J’ai donc travaillé à créer de l’empathie. » MarionOsmontcouv

Pour cela, la photographe s’attache à suivre deux migrants « au plus près », Ammanuel et Haroon. Les deux hommes ne se laissent pas simplement photographier, ils sont des acteurs à part entière de la démarche du livre. « Ils m’ont montré des lieux, des campements, m’ont raconté leurs parcours. Ce n’était pas facile pour eux, mais il leur paraissait important que leur histoire soit connue. Pour que ça puisse provoquer des changements. »

Deux migrants suivis au quotidien

Marion Osmont attend quelques semaines après le démantèlement de la jungle pachtoune en septembre 2009 pour commencer son travail. « Tous les migrants étaient revenus, il fallait montrer que cette opération n’avait servi à rien. » Parisienne, elle passe ses week-ends à Calais pour suivre ces deux migrants qui ne sont pas « de passage », contrairement à ce que prétendent les ministres de l’Immigration de Nicolas Sarkozy. Tous les deux demandeurs d’asile, ils attendent la réponse de l’Office français des réfugiés (Ofpra) dans le plus total dénuement.

Des hommes vivent ici montre la vie des migrants en plan large. « C’est une forme de respect, dit-elle. Ils sont sous pression en permanence, les flics les réveillent toutes les nuits, les journalistes peuvent être parfois intrusifs. Je voulais des photos assez douces. » Exclues donc les images de la distribution, où l’on voit les migrants dans les files d’attente ou manger sur un bout de trottoir. Pendant longtemps, la photographe s’est aussi refusée à immortaliser ces séances durant lesquelles les migrants se brûlent les doigts pour échapper aux renvois vers d’autres pays d’Europe.

Trajet décomposé

Dans cette vie quotidienne calaisienne, la police est omniprésente. Dès l’aube, lorsqu’elle intervient dans les squats pour arrêter les migrants. Dans les évacuations de campements ou les destructions de squats. À chaque fois, il faut trouver un nouvel endroit où dormir, toujours plus loin, plus caché. Dans la série de photos Chez Haroon, Marion Osmont décompose le trajet pour rejoindre la cachette du Soudanais : « Traverser un hangar / se glisser dans un trou / longer un tunnel aménagé sous le sol / passer un premier mur / marcher le long d’un corridor à travers ronces / passer un deuxième mur / marcher sur un toit / passer par une fenêtre cassée / monter un escalier défoncé. » Délogé, Haroon devra s’installer encore plus loin…

Aujourd’hui, Haroon et Ammanuel, tous deux déboutés du droit d’asile après des années d’attente, sont partis vers d’autres horizons. « Je les imagine quelque part en Europe, à la rue», dit Marion Osmont. Encore plus brisés que lors de leur arrivée à Calais, il y a quelques années. « Il était encore temps de les aider alors. Avec des soins psychologiques, peut-être qu’ils auraient pu se récupérer. C’est un immense gâchis. » Aujourd’hui, environ 300 migrants survivent à Calais même. Quelque 500 autres s’éparpillent dans des petits campements le long du littoral. Dans des conditions toujours plus précaires.

(1) Des hommes vivent ici, de Marion Osmont. Éditions Images plurielles, 25 euros, avec le soutien de Médecins du Monde et de Amnesty International.

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When Aisha Greene?s daughter asked her parents to send her and all her friends to see ?Hamilton? (the Broadway musical that won 11 Tony Awards and still has fans scrambling for tickets), Aisha knew it?d be impossible. When her daughter asked for a ?Hamilton?-themed birthday party, Aisha decided she had to make it happen.

Aisha?s daughter, Clarke, had her birthday at New York?s Fraunces Tavern, a museum and restaurant, on Saturday. The creative mom took about a month to gather party favors and decorations to reflect her daughter?s love for the musical. At the museum, the kids did a ?Hamilton? scavenger hunt and afterward dressed in colonial costumes and touched replicas of historical artifacts. At the restaurant, they did crafts, took photos and sang ?Hamilton? karaoke. 

The party, which about 27 kids and 25 adults attended, featured black, white and gold balloons (to match the musical?s color scheme), a cake inspired by the show?s playbill, trifolds that featured lyrics and photos from the musical and ?Hamilton? goody bags that included paper dolls of the characters and mini U.S. Constitutions. Kids also took home a pad and an American flag pen, so they could write like they were ?running out of time,? just like Alexander Hamilton did in the show.

Clarke?s father, Hayden Greene of Greene Light Photography, captured the fun event in all its patriotic glory. 

?My part is always simple: make sure Clarke has super images to look back on!? he told HuffPost. ?The Greene family is proud to have really good documentation of the kids? childhood.?

Aisha told HuffPost that her daughter thought ?it was the best party ever.? 

?I think I?ve bought myself time before she requests to see the play again,? she joked.

She said the other kids, even those who weren?t familiar with the musical, also had a blast singing along and engaging with the scavenger hunt. 

Aisha, who lives in Brooklyn, said there are many reasons why her family adores ?Hamilton.? The music is ?accessible and infectious.? Clarke also appreciates the connections between the musical and her family.

?She?s invested in the story of an immigrant from the Caribbean,? Aisha said. ?Her dad and grandmother are both from the Caribbean so immediately she found a connection to the storyline. Finally, she?s a New Yorker and it is a story about ?the greatest city in the world!??

When asked what Clarke would say is her favorite song from the musical, Aisha passed the question along to her daughter, who (unsurprisingly) replied, ?One favorite?? If she had to choose, the 8-year-old said she?d pick ?My Shot? or ?You?ll Be Back? because ?King George is hilarious.? 

Though the planning and setup for Clarke?s birthday was more time-consuming than a party with a more common theme, Aisha said the experience was worth it. 

?Would it have been easier to do a ?My Little Pony? or princess party? Of course,? Aisha told HuffPost. ?But this challenge? Totally worth it because my daughter is ?Satisfied.??

See more photos from Clarke?s birthday party below.

The HuffPost Parents newsletter, So You Want To Raise A Feminist, offers the latest stories and news in progressive parenting.  

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Jessica and Jeremy Martin-Weber have six daughters, ranging in age from 5 to 18, and a baby on the way in the fall. With all that experience, they?ve learned a few things about parenting, which they share on their family blog and Facebook page, Beyond Moi. 

Among lighter parenting fare, the Martin-Webers frequently discuss topics such as sex positivity, body autonomy and consent, and the toxicity of gender roles for boys and girls. All these play into their recent Facebook post on why they don?t enforce a modest standard of dress for their six daughters. 

?We were asked yesterday and have been asked before what are our standards of modesty in how our children dress and how do we enforce that,? Jessica began the post, which included a photo of herself and two of her daughters in summer clothing. 

?Here?s the short version: we don?t teach or enforce any standards of modest dress for our children,? she wrote.

She goes on to explain that while the family follows the dress code guidelines of places they visit, such as schools, outside of that they do not believe in ?modesty? as a concept. 

?Modesty is too subjective and true modesty is about attitude and our heart. To us, enforcing modesty standards is about controlling people and we have found that is counterproductive and undermines our commitment to respecting bodily autonomy,? she writes. 

Jessica points out that while some would find each of the outfits she and her daughters are wearing in the photo modest, others would find them unacceptable. Instead of adhering to an arbitrary standard of modesty, she uses a series of practical guidelines that her daughters can take into consideration when choosing their clothing. 

For instance: ?Can you participate in the activities you will need to do without worrying about your clothing?? and ?Is it practical for the weather?? For older children, the conversation might include something like: ?Are YOU comfortable with the parts of your body that are showing and that others may notice those parts and though we are not responsible for the actions of others, how will you feel if someone says something about that??

Jessica says the couple is often asked by friends and readers of the blog how they approach teaching their children to dress modestly, so she decided to write a post on the subject.

?We really just wanted to show that there is another option in how to approach this topic without promoting toxic ideas that the human body, specifically the female body, is dangerous and to be controlled, hidden and punished for being sexual,? Jessica told HuffPost.  

Jessica herself feels so passionately about the topic of body autonomy because of her own experiences. She grew up with a set of extremely rigorous standards of ?modest? dress that led her to fear her own body, and yet that didn?t protect her from experiencing sexual abuse. Still, she took a similar approach with her own children, until two of her daughters were assaulted at ages 3 and 5 by a family friend. That?s when she and her husband realized that emphasizing ?modest? dress actually contributes to rape culture, by ?teaching that we are responsible for what abusers think and even what they do.?

?This was just one way the abuse changed our parenting,? she told HuffPost. ?Instilling in our children that they had the say over their body couldn?t be in lip service only, it had to translate in every aspect of their lives.?

?As their parents, we aren?t responsible for controlling their bodies but rather for guiding them to eventually be able to make those decisions for themselves,? she continued. ?It takes more time to dialogue with them and guide them while respecting their autonomy but we believe that is worth it in the long run and we have personal experience that enforcing rules like what they should wear doesn?t actually work to keep them safe.?

Jessica feels that doing away with modest dress standards has not only helped free her children from the pressure of dressing for the ?male gaze? and equating their worth with their sexuality, but it has also helped them find the confidence to dress solely for their own approval.

?We?ve been pleasantly surprised by just how thoughtful our children have been over their clothing choices,? she said. ?They aren?t making their decisions to please their parents, their friends, or anyone but themselves. Turning it into a respectful conversation rather than a set of rules has relieved a lot of tension and we?ve been so impressed with how our children dress themselves.?

The post has received over 2,500 reactions since it was posted on May 31 and has been shared over 1,300 times. And while some responses have been negative, cruel and even slut-shaming, Jessica is proud of how her parenting on this issue has affected her kids. She even asked a few of them to share their feelings on how they choose their clothing.

As Helena, 14, puts it, ?It?s a way for me to express myself. I never really think about what other people will think of how I dress. Sometimes I like to dress up just because it is fun. Sometimes I like a baggy T-shirt and jeans. I dress practical for where I am but with my own little flair if I feel like it.?

Lavinia, 16, says, ?I feel comfortable expressing myself. It helps in confidence and in my ability to make my own decisions. I don?t think about pleasing other people. I mean, I like compliments on my outfits but I?m never thinking ?I?m going to wear this shirt because somebody will like it.??

Evangeline, 9, added, ?I don?t care what other people think, I just wear what is comfortable and are my favorite things.?

Cosette, 7, says, ?I wear what I like but I make sure my vulva is covered.?

As Jessica sums it up in the conclusion of her post, ?With our girls we never, ever tell them something isn?t ok to wear for modesty reasons. I don?t regret this decision as we watch our daughters bloom with confidence and dress for themselves rather than for the gaze of others.? 

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White House Won’t Say If There’s A Recording System In The Oval Office

White House deputy press secretary Sarah Huckabee Sanders said Thursday that she has ?no idea? whether there is a recording system in the Oval Office, despite President Donald Trump suggesting he may have recordings of his conversations with then-FBI Director James Comey.

Sanders? remarks came during Thursday?s press briefing, according to reporters in attendance. 

Three days after he fired Comey, the president hinted on Twitter that he had recorded their conversations. 

While testifying before the Senate Intelligence Committee on Thursday, Comey encouraged the president to release any such tapes that might exist. 

?Look, I?ve seen the tweet about tapes,? Comey said. ?Lordy, I hope there are tapes.?

?Release all the tapes,? he continued. ?I?m good with it.?

White House press secretary Sean Spicer has also refused to confirm whether Oval Office visitors are recorded.

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In the wake of the attack, Trump posted several tweets criticizing London Mayor Sadiq Khan for trying to give comfort to constituents. Khan said: ?You will see an increased police presence today, including armed officers and uniformed officers. There is no reason to be alarmed by this. We are the safest global city in the world. You saw last night as a consequence of our planning, our preparation, the rehearsals that take place, the swift response from the emergency services tackling the terrorists and also helping the injured.?

Trump, however, took Khan?s statement completely out of context.

This prompted the ?Full Frontal? host to ask Trump: ?What is wrong with you??

?Were you just fulfilling your annual Ramadan tradition of hurling insults at grief-stricken Muslims named Khan?? Bee asked, in reference to Trump?s attacks during the 2016 campaign on the parents of fallen war hero U.S. Army Capt. Humayun Khan.

?I wouldn?t be surprised if the U.K. asks to take a break from our ?special relationship? and starts seeing other countries,? Bee added.

Check out the full segment above.

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Comedian Jim Jefferies closed out the debut of ?The Jim Jefferies Show? on Tuesday by throwing it to his ?weather man.? The mystery weather man was supposedly there to address Trump announcing the United States? withdrawal from the Paris Climate Change Agreement and the environmental impact we can expect.

Enter ?Fight Club? and ?War Machine? actor Brad Pitt.

Pitt, posing as a weather man in front of a very red-looking map of the world, motioned to everywhere, saying, ?Things are going to be getting warmer in this area here and this area here.?

Jefferies, clearly a little startled by the news, then asked the weather man/Pitt about any future forecasts.

?There is no future,? warned Pitt.

Climate change is an issue Pitt has spoken out about for a while, so the surprise appearance in response to Trump withdrawing from the Paris Accord makes sense for the actor, as ridiculous as it was.

Pitt?s weather man skills are another story. We don?t want to criticize him too much, but really, dude, you?re neglecting your weatherly duties. We just want to know if we need to wear a jacket outside or not. The warnings about the impending end of days can wait. 

H/T Uproxx

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On Twitter earlier this week, the 53-year-old wildlife conservationist shared a touching tribute to her late husband on what would have been their 25th anniversary: 

?I miss you so very much, and I am grateful every day for the time we had together,? she wrote under a characteristically silly pic of them kissing with an iguana nestled on their heads. 

The couple met in October 1991, when Terri saw her future husband doing a crocodile show in a small reptile park while visiting Australia. As Terri described it to Barbara Walters in 2006, it was love at first sight. 

?I was absolutely floored. That was it. This man was a real-life hero,? she said. ?I fell then and there, love at first sight, not a problem. I said to my friend, ?I got to meet this guy.??

From there, she marched over and introduced herself. Then she asked for a picture.

?I was gushing, and I felt like such a tourist and we did a big cheesy photo together,? Terri said, adding that the conversation flowed freely from there. 

?He was so passionate and honest ? and there he just bared himself to me as if we?d known each other forever,? she said.

Six months later, the pair were married. In the years to come, they co-hosted ?The Crocodile Hunter,? an internationally broadcast wildlife documentary series and ran and operated the Australia Zoo, a wildlife reserve Steve?s parents founded in the 1970s. 

The couple had two kids, daughter Bindi and son Robert, before Steve was killed by a stingray while filming an underwater documentary in 2006. 

In an interview with ?Access Hollywood? last month, Terri gave a touching explanation of why she hasn?t dated since Steve?s death: 

I haven?t dated anyone in the ten years since we lost Steve just because I feel a connection still with Steve. You know when you take those vows, and say ?we?ll be together as long as we both shall live,? I really don?t think I would?ve married if I hadn?t met Steve. And he?s very special to me and continues to be. And I?ve got beautiful kids and a lot of wonderful conservation work, so, I?m lonely for Steve but I?m not a lonely person.

Her daughter Bindi ? who sat in on the interview ? said she completely understood her mom?s reasoning. 

?What people sometimes forget is that when you find your soul mate, if you?ve found that soul mate you really don?t want to move on,? the 18-year-old said. ?So mom had her soul mate and mom and dad will always be married and will always be together.? 

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splenetic

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Puerto Rico has been a U.S. territory for over a century, yet many Americans know little about the island and its relationship with the United States. 

The history of Puerto Rico and the mainland is long and complicated, but it doesn?t excuse that a 2016 survey found that only 43 percent of Americans know that Puerto Ricans are U.S. citizens. AJ producer and host Sana Saeed?s new video, released Sunday, is a great first step to change that.

?There?s very little conversation about Puerto Rico itself despite it being a U.S. territory for over 120 years,? Saeed says at the beginning of the video.

In a little over six minutes, Saeed gives a quick breakdown of the history of Puerto Rico ? from the United States? acquisition of the island during the Spanish-American War to Puerto Rican?s 2012 plebiscite over statehood or independence (which is more complicated than she has time to explain) ? and how its ambiguous status has contributed to the island?s need to file for bankruptcy in May. 

?Puerto Rico?s status and treatment as a U.S. territory has been at the heart of its $74 billion debt crisis,? Saeed said. 

Julio Ricardo Varela, founder of Latino Rebels and co-host of the ?In The Thick? podcast, added some thoughts of his own about what people should be asking themselves when it comes to Puerto Rico.

?I?m done with asking the question, ?Should Puerto Rico become the 51st state?,?? he said in the AJ video. ?I think the question is, ?When will the rest of American start respecting Puerto Rico and Puerto Ricans, and what they?ve contributed ? when will they start hearing their voice?? That?s the question. When will people start demanding Congress to pay attention to American citizens.?

Varela also said that there are more and more people in Puerto Rico who believe ?that the current territorial status is obsolete. It represents a previous era and is colonial in nature.?

To get a better sense of why that is, watch Saeed describe the “tumultuous” relationship between the U.S. and Puerto Rico above. 

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