Des images contre les clichés sur les oubliés de Calais

Dans son livre 
Des hommes vivent ici (1), 
la photographe Marion Osmont raconte le quotidien des migrants le long du littoral de la 
Manche, dix ans après 
la fermeture du camp de Sangatte. Un travail
 plein d’humanité 
et de dignité.

calais_m

Un grand hangar vide. Au loin, un groupe d’hommes. Sept ou huit Africains, assis ou debout autour d’une table, jouent aux cartes. Un clair-obscur d’humanité au milieu du néant. « Je suis contente d’avoir pu prendre cette image, raconte son auteure, la photographe Marion Osmont. Berlusconi, le passeur (en capuche – NDLR), m’a dit “Tu fais ce que tu veux”, cet état de grâce a duré trois secondes. Cette image montre l’attente d’une journée ordinaire. Il ne se passe rien. »

Pendant plus de deux ans, Marion Osmont a photographié la vie quotidienne des migrants de Calais. Elle publie ces photos dans un livre au titre éloquent Des hommes vivent ici. D’une grande sobriété, ses images montrent la vie dans le dépouillement : la préparation du feu, la cuisine, les nuits dans le squat, l’ennui, le linge qui sèche sur un arbre, la traque, le froid, la peur. Loin des clichés vus et revus sur les migrants de Calais, les photos de Marion Osmont sont remplies d’humanité et de dignité.

« On parle trop souvent d’eux et de nous »

Son travail est le résultat d’une démarche mûrement réfléchie. « On parle trop souvent d’eux et de nous. Je ne voulais surtout pas ça. Je pense que beaucoup de gens, s’ils savaient ce qu’il se passe à Calais, ne trouveraient pas ça normal. J’ai donc travaillé à créer de l’empathie. » MarionOsmontcouv

Pour cela, la photographe s’attache à suivre deux migrants « au plus près », Ammanuel et Haroon. Les deux hommes ne se laissent pas simplement photographier, ils sont des acteurs à part entière de la démarche du livre. « Ils m’ont montré des lieux, des campements, m’ont raconté leurs parcours. Ce n’était pas facile pour eux, mais il leur paraissait important que leur histoire soit connue. Pour que ça puisse provoquer des changements. »

Deux migrants suivis au quotidien

Marion Osmont attend quelques semaines après le démantèlement de la jungle pachtoune en septembre 2009 pour commencer son travail. « Tous les migrants étaient revenus, il fallait montrer que cette opération n’avait servi à rien. » Parisienne, elle passe ses week-ends à Calais pour suivre ces deux migrants qui ne sont pas « de passage », contrairement à ce que prétendent les ministres de l’Immigration de Nicolas Sarkozy. Tous les deux demandeurs d’asile, ils attendent la réponse de l’Office français des réfugiés (Ofpra) dans le plus total dénuement.

Des hommes vivent ici montre la vie des migrants en plan large. « C’est une forme de respect, dit-elle. Ils sont sous pression en permanence, les flics les réveillent toutes les nuits, les journalistes peuvent être parfois intrusifs. Je voulais des photos assez douces. » Exclues donc les images de la distribution, où l’on voit les migrants dans les files d’attente ou manger sur un bout de trottoir. Pendant longtemps, la photographe s’est aussi refusée à immortaliser ces séances durant lesquelles les migrants se brûlent les doigts pour échapper aux renvois vers d’autres pays d’Europe.

Trajet décomposé

Dans cette vie quotidienne calaisienne, la police est omniprésente. Dès l’aube, lorsqu’elle intervient dans les squats pour arrêter les migrants. Dans les évacuations de campements ou les destructions de squats. À chaque fois, il faut trouver un nouvel endroit où dormir, toujours plus loin, plus caché. Dans la série de photos Chez Haroon, Marion Osmont décompose le trajet pour rejoindre la cachette du Soudanais : « Traverser un hangar / se glisser dans un trou / longer un tunnel aménagé sous le sol / passer un premier mur / marcher le long d’un corridor à travers ronces / passer un deuxième mur / marcher sur un toit / passer par une fenêtre cassée / monter un escalier défoncé. » Délogé, Haroon devra s’installer encore plus loin…

Aujourd’hui, Haroon et Ammanuel, tous deux déboutés du droit d’asile après des années d’attente, sont partis vers d’autres horizons. « Je les imagine quelque part en Europe, à la rue», dit Marion Osmont. Encore plus brisés que lors de leur arrivée à Calais, il y a quelques années. « Il était encore temps de les aider alors. Avec des soins psychologiques, peut-être qu’ils auraient pu se récupérer. C’est un immense gâchis. » Aujourd’hui, environ 300 migrants survivent à Calais même. Quelque 500 autres s’éparpillent dans des petits campements le long du littoral. Dans des conditions toujours plus précaires.

(1) Des hommes vivent ici, de Marion Osmont. Éditions Images plurielles, 25 euros, avec le soutien de Médecins du Monde et de Amnesty International.

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Comedian Jim Jefferies closed out the debut of ?The Jim Jefferies Show? on Tuesday by throwing it to his ?weather man.? The mystery weather man was supposedly there to address Trump announcing the United States? withdrawal from the Paris Climate Change Agreement and the environmental impact we can expect.

Enter ?Fight Club? and ?War Machine? actor Brad Pitt.

Pitt, posing as a weather man in front of a very red-looking map of the world, motioned to everywhere, saying, ?Things are going to be getting warmer in this area here and this area here.?

Jefferies, clearly a little startled by the news, then asked the weather man/Pitt about any future forecasts.

?There is no future,? warned Pitt.

Climate change is an issue Pitt has spoken out about for a while, so the surprise appearance in response to Trump withdrawing from the Paris Accord makes sense for the actor, as ridiculous as it was.

Pitt?s weather man skills are another story. We don?t want to criticize him too much, but really, dude, you?re neglecting your weatherly duties. We just want to know if we need to wear a jacket outside or not. The warnings about the impending end of days can wait. 

H/T Uproxx

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On Twitter earlier this week, the 53-year-old wildlife conservationist shared a touching tribute to her late husband on what would have been their 25th anniversary: 

?I miss you so very much, and I am grateful every day for the time we had together,? she wrote under a characteristically silly pic of them kissing with an iguana nestled on their heads. 

The couple met in October 1991, when Terri saw her future husband doing a crocodile show in a small reptile park while visiting Australia. As Terri described it to Barbara Walters in 2006, it was love at first sight. 

?I was absolutely floored. That was it. This man was a real-life hero,? she said. ?I fell then and there, love at first sight, not a problem. I said to my friend, ?I got to meet this guy.??

From there, she marched over and introduced herself. Then she asked for a picture.

?I was gushing, and I felt like such a tourist and we did a big cheesy photo together,? Terri said, adding that the conversation flowed freely from there. 

?He was so passionate and honest ? and there he just bared himself to me as if we?d known each other forever,? she said.

Six months later, the pair were married. In the years to come, they co-hosted ?The Crocodile Hunter,? an internationally broadcast wildlife documentary series and ran and operated the Australia Zoo, a wildlife reserve Steve?s parents founded in the 1970s. 

The couple had two kids, daughter Bindi and son Robert, before Steve was killed by a stingray while filming an underwater documentary in 2006. 

In an interview with ?Access Hollywood? last month, Terri gave a touching explanation of why she hasn?t dated since Steve?s death: 

I haven?t dated anyone in the ten years since we lost Steve just because I feel a connection still with Steve. You know when you take those vows, and say ?we?ll be together as long as we both shall live,? I really don?t think I would?ve married if I hadn?t met Steve. And he?s very special to me and continues to be. And I?ve got beautiful kids and a lot of wonderful conservation work, so, I?m lonely for Steve but I?m not a lonely person.

Her daughter Bindi ? who sat in on the interview ? said she completely understood her mom?s reasoning. 

?What people sometimes forget is that when you find your soul mate, if you?ve found that soul mate you really don?t want to move on,? the 18-year-old said. ?So mom had her soul mate and mom and dad will always be married and will always be together.? 

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The history of Puerto Rico and the mainland is long and complicated, but it doesn?t excuse that a 2016 survey found that only 43 percent of Americans know that Puerto Ricans are U.S. citizens. AJ producer and host Sana Saeed?s new video, released Sunday, is a great first step to change that.

?There?s very little conversation about Puerto Rico itself despite it being a U.S. territory for over 120 years,? Saeed says at the beginning of the video.

In a little over six minutes, Saeed gives a quick breakdown of the history of Puerto Rico ? from the United States? acquisition of the island during the Spanish-American War to Puerto Rican?s 2012 plebiscite over statehood or independence (which is more complicated than she has time to explain) ? and how its ambiguous status has contributed to the island?s need to file for bankruptcy in May. 

?Puerto Rico?s status and treatment as a U.S. territory has been at the heart of its $74 billion debt crisis,? Saeed said. 

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To get a better sense of why that is, watch Saeed describe the “tumultuous” relationship between the U.S. and Puerto Rico above. 

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Micah Fletcher survived a stab wound to the neck last week when he stood up to an attacker who was harassing two teenage girls on a train in Portland, Oregon.

Two other men, Ricky John Best and Taliesin Myrddin Namkai-Meche, who also came to the girls? aid, were stabbed and killed.

Fletcher has said he is still trying to make sense of what happened. 

On Wednesday, the 21-year-old got the chance to meet with Destinee Mangum, one of the girls he was injured defending, and her family. Mangum?s mother, Dyjuana Hudson, posted about the experience on Facebook, calling Fletcher an ?angel? and a ?hero.? 

?Finally got a chance to meet one of the angels that saved my daughter?s life,? she wrote. ?Micah is one of the best genuine hearted people you will ever meet.?

In an emotional interview, Mangum told Fox affiliate KPTV this weekend that she wanted ?to say thank you to the people who put their life on the line for me, because they didn?t even know me.? 

?They lost their lives because of me and my friend and the way we looked,? Mangum continued. ?I just want to say thank you to them and their family, and I appreciate them, because without them we probably would be dead right now.?

Fletcher was one of three people stabbed after confronting a man on a MAX train for verbally attacking Mangum, 16, and her 17-year-old-friend, who is Muslim and was wearing a hijab. Police arrested Jeremy Christian, who has ties to white supremacist groups, soon afterward.

Fletcher, a student at Portland State University, told USA Today on Tuesday that he?s still ?healing? from the May 26 attack. ?I got stabbed in the neck on my way to work, randomly, by a stranger I don?t know, for trying to just be a nice person,? he said.

On Wednesday, Fletcher released a video on Facebook thanking supporters for an outpouring of kindness and money, but adding that there?s a problem that needs addressing. 

?We need to remember that this is about those little girls,? he said. ?I want you to imagine that for a second being a little girl on that MAX. This man is screaming at you. His face is a pile of knives. His body is a gun. Everything about him is cocked, loaded and ready to kill you.?

He noted that there?s a ?white savior complex? present in society that has placed all the focus on the three men who stood up to Christian, rather than addressing the daily, lived experience of racism and Islamophobia that young people like Destinee and her friend face.

In a statement during Christian?s court hearing on Tuesday, Fletcher said: ?I want the Muslim community to know that they have a home here in Portland and are loved.?

The 21-year-old is also a poet and has written pieces about Islamophobia in the past. Oregon Live reported that Fletcher won a 2013 poetry competition for two pieces of work: one that dealt with the blame rape victims face and another focused on the prejudice leveled at Muslims in America after the attacks on September 11, 2001.

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